After having a rough but pleasurable sex with your loved one, sometimes you may feel a burning sensation in or around the vagina that may accompany with localized soreness and pain. This discomforting condition usually worsens when you try to urinate or the urine wets the affected area. In fact, even sitting on the flat surface can aggravate the discomfort. Is it an infection? Don't be worried too much, it may be just vaginal tearing.
What Causes Vaginal Tearing?
Engaging in vigorous sexual intercourse with a dry and inadequately lubricated vagina is perhaps the most frequently cause of vaginal tearing. Sometimes, the inappropriate use of sex toys can also harm the vagina and may lead to lacerations.
Childbirth is a complex and critical process. Any mishandling in the process of labor can lead to vaginal tearing. Some risk factors include breech position of the baby, large sized or macrosomic baby, rapid progression of labor that a mother cannot control the passage of her baby or use of certain medications during the labor to expedite the delivery process.
Age Related Changes
Physiological aging produces some serious changes in the body of a female that may affect the anatomy, physiology and metabolism of her tissues. For example, menopause or other causes of hormonal imbalance can significantly aggravate the risk of vaginal tearing by decreasing estrogen levels, impairing blood circulation, thinning the skin, irritating or weakening the healing of old scars, etc.
Sports activities like jet skiing, water skiing can also put excessive pressure on the vagina, which increases the risk of vaginal tears.
What Can You Do to Deal With Vaginal Tearing?
Leave It Alone
If the tearing is only on the skin, i.e. superficial tearing, leave the tear alone for some time. The pain usually lasts for a day or two and the bleeding disappears within a few hours.
Try to avoid having intercourse for some weeks until the tear is completely healed.
Have a Rest
In lacerations, blood loss is usually accompanied that will cause dizziness and weakness. Make sure to get enough rest before recovery.
Have Some Medications
Pain-killers such as acetaminophen can be taken to alleviate the pain.
Try Warm Bath
Warm bath are fairly helpful in reducing the intensity of pain. Additionally, warm sitz bath also helps in improving the blood flow towards the pelvic region by dilating the blood vessels.
Apply Cold Compression
Application of ice, whether wrapped in a pad, cloth or towel, over the affected area also helps in providing a cooling effect.
See a Doctor
Seeking professional treatment becomes necessary if any of the following signs are accompanied with vaginal tearing:
Heavy bleeding, if three pads are soaked in blood in the first 24 hours, consult doctor immediately
High grade fever up to or more than 38 degree C or 100.4 degree F
Pain in lower abdomen
Disagreeable or foul odor from vagina along with vaginal discharge
How to Prevent Vaginal Tearing
You can do this exercise by contacting, holding and then releasing the pelvic muscles. It can be easily performed in a manner as you are trying to consciously hold the urine. Regular kegel exercises and other pelvic training activities help in strengthening the pelvic muscles.
Maintaining healthy consumption of fibrous fruits and vegetables along with adequate amounts of water helps in improving the skin elasticity. An elastic skin is more resistant to tearing and rupture under pressure and stress.
After 34th week of pregnancy, perineal massage should be regularly performed by applying a lubricating gel on the perineum and then gentle rubbing. This can be performed by either the pregnant female or her partner to strengthen the vaginal power to stretch for labor.
Slow Second Stage of Labor
Practice to push slowly. This will help in increasing the stretch ability of perineum and minimize the risk of tearing during the process of childbirth.